Characterization of a novel bispecific antibody targeting tissue factor-positive tumors with T cell engagement

Nov. 19, 2021

T cell engaged bispecific antibody (TCB) is an effective immunotherapy for cancer treatment. Through co-targeting CD3 and tumor-associated antigen (TAA), TCB can redirect CD3+ T cells to eliminate tumor cells regardless of the specificity of T cell receptor. Tissue factor (TF) is a TAA that involved in tumor progression. Here, we designed and characterized a novel TCB targeting TF (TF-TCB) for the treatment of TF-positive tumors. In vitro, robust T cell activation, tumor cell lysis and T cell proliferation were induced by TF-TCB. The tumor cell lysis activity was dependent upon both CD3 and TF binding moieties of the TF-TCB, and was related to TF expression level of tumor cells. In vivo, in both tumor cell/human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) co-grafting model and established tumor models with poor T cell infiltration, tumor growth was strongly inhibited by TF-TCB. T cell infiltration into tumors was induced during the treatment. Furthermore, efficacy of TF-TCB was further improved by combination with immune checkpoint inhibitors. For the first time, our results validated the feasibility of using TF as a target for TCB and highlighted the potential for TF-TCB to demonstrate efficacy in solid tumor treatment.

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