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Double ulnar osteomy for the treatment of congenital radial head dislocation

Nov. 19, 2021

Objective

The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the effects of our double osteotomy technique in the treatment of congenital radial head dislocation (CRHD).

Methods

A total 14 children (14 elbows; 71.42% male; mean age: 9.31 ± 3.06 years) with CRHD who underwent double osteotomy of the proximal ulna between April 2010 and June 2015 were included in the study. The patients with CRHD were identified according to medical history, plain radiographs or magnetic resonance imagings. The outcomes were evaluated through comparison of the preoperative and postoperative motion range of elbow and Mayo Elbow Performance Score (MEPS).

Results

After a follow-up of 13–35 months (22.29 ± 5.80), compared with pre-operation, the flexion (132.14 ± 3.23° vs 123.21 ± 7.75°, P = 0.003), extension (8.21 ± 4.21° vs 1.07 ± 3.50°, P = 0.003), and pronation of elbow (83.21 ± 4.21° vs 80.36 ± 4.14°, P = 0.011) improved significantly in all patients. Furthermore, the carrying angle was recovered to the normal level (5–15°) in all of these patients (18.57 ± 5.69° vs 8.21 ± 2.49°, P = 0.001). MEPS score was significantly increased postoperatively (96.79 ± 2.49 vs. 90.71 ± 1.82, P = 0.000), with the good outcome in CRHD patients.

Conclusion

The results of our study suggested that this double osteotomy on the proximal ulna might be an effective method for the treatment of CRHD.

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